Let us first of all establish what is referred to as an Electrical Installation Condition Report. As the name reveals, it’s a report prepared after an inspection and test have been carried out on an existing electrical installation. A document that is however issued when an electrical installation is newly erected is called an Electrical installation certificate. (EIC)
This (EICR) is a document which often comes handy for home owners when a sale of their property is to be made. This gives the intending buyer a perspective or an insight into the state of the electrical wiring /circuits within the property which in turn has an effect on pricing. This is because a property without a satisfactory condition report or proven to be safe electrical wise will need up to £3,000 (average price for full house rewire of a three bedroom house in the Northwest of England) to rewire the property.
As earlier stated, the report consists of two parts, the inspection part and the testing part. The inspection is mostly visual while the testing is collection of data/readings from test instruments. The visual observations are collated inform of a checklist while the data /readings from test instruments are tabulated. These readings/outcome are often too technical to be understood by a lame man but are usually being interpreted by the tester or simplified in the report observations section in most cases where an action is required.
The importance of an EICR cannot be overemphasised as it is usually recommended to be carried out ten years after the installation is first erected and subsequently every five years. However for landlords, they may have to subject their property to electrical condition checks at every change of tenant by law.
Faulty and old wiring is one of the main causes or electrical fires in the home. This risk of fire can be reduced by checking the condition of cables, switches, sockets etc regularly.
In conclusion, the main reasons why an EICR is needed are:
- Record the results of the inspection and testing to make sure the electrical installation is safe to be used until the next inspection (following any work needed to make it safe)
- Find any damage and wear and tear that might affect safety and report it
- Find any parts of the electrical installation that do not meet the current safety standards or provision.
- Help find anything that may cause electric shocks and high temperatures
- Provide and important record of the installation at the time of the inspection, and for inspection testing in the future.